The principles of art and design include balance, emphasis, movement, proportion, rhythm, unity, and variety; the means an artist uses to organize elements within a work of art.
Rhythm A principle of design that indicates movement, created by the careful placement of repeated elements in a work of art to cause a visual tempo or beat.
Balance A way of combining elements to add a feeling of equilibrium or stability to a work of art. Major types are symmetrical and asymmetrical.
Emphasis (is a form of contrast) and is a way of combining elements to stress the differences between those elements.
Proportion A principle of design that refers to the relationship of certain elements to the whole and to each other
Gradation A way of combining elements by using a series of gradual changes in those elements. (large shapes to small shapes, dark hue to light hue, etc)
Harmony is a way of combining similar elements in an artwork to accent their similarities (achieved through use of repetitions and subtle gradual changes)
Variety is a principle of design that deals with diversity or contrast. Variety is achieved by using different shapes, sizes, and/or colors in a work of art.
Movement A principle of design used to create the look and feeling of action and to guide the viewer’s eye throughout the work of art.